Gasparyan was born on October 12, 1928 in the village of Solak. He started to play duduk from the age of 6. In 1948 he became a soloist of the Armenian Song and Dance Popular Ensemble and the Yerevan Philharmonic Orchestra.
He has won four medals at UNESCO worldwide competitions (1959, 1962, 1973, and 1980). In 1973 Gasparyan was awarded with the honorary title People’s Artist of Armenia and in 2002 he received the WOMEX (World Music Expo) Lifetime Achievement Award.
A professor at the Yerevan State Musical Conservatory, he has instructed and nurtured many performers to professional levels of performance in duduk. He has toured the world several times with a small ensemble playing Armenian folk music.
He has also performed with an international array of stars.